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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Stachys

5. Stachys tibetica Vatke in Bot. Zeitung. 33: 447. 1875. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 676. 1885; Blatter, Beaut. Flow. Kashmir 2: 132. 1928; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 190. 1940; Stewart in Pak Journ. For. 11: 53. 1961; Gilli in Oest. Bot. Zeitschr. 109: 111. 1962; Kitamura, Pl. W. Pak. & Afghan. 131. 1964; Hartmann in Bot. Jahrb. 85: 346. 1966; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 635. 1972.

I.C. Hedge

Perennial, suffruticose, clump-forming, much branched. Stems slender, quadrangular, erect, 20-50 (-70) cm, with a fine short eglandular indumentum. Leaves oblong to ovate-lanceolate, 10-25 x 5-10 mm, entire to clearly lobed, cuneate, acute, green, on both surfaces pilose with short hairs, below with numerous sessile oil globules. Verticillasters 2-, rarely up to 6-flowered, clearly distant. Bracts subulate, spiny, 3-5 mm. Calyx tubular-obtriangular, 18-10 mm, ± densely covered with fine short hairs and sessile oil globules, not bilabiate; teeth triangular, c. 4 mm, equal, spinulose, erect-spreading; tube glabrous at throat. Corolla pink, 15-20 mm, shortly pilose; tube narrow straight, c. 10 mm, annulate; upper lip ± straight, entire. Stamens 4, didynamous, usually curved and projecting below corolla upper lip; thecae slightly hairy. Nutlets c. 2.5 x 1.5 mm, trigonous, apically truncate.

Fl. Per.: June-August.

Type: In Tibetiae occidentalis alt. 10-14000', T. Thomson (E, K).

Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, NW India, W. Tibet.

This is a very distinct species. The characters of the spiny bracts and the triquetrous-truncate nutlets are unusual in the genus. One field note remarks that the plant has "a disagreable odour". Widespread and common, reaching high altitudes (to 4800 m) in Kashmir.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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