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Pakistan | Family List | Menispermaceae

Tinospora Miers in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 2. 7:35. 1851. Hook.f and Thoms. in Hook. f., l.c. 96; T. Cooke, l.c. 18; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Pres. & Sind. 36. 1909; Brandis, Ind. Trees 24. 1911; Parker, l.c. 9; Troupin in Turrill and Milne Redhead, l.c. 17-18.

Tinospora malabarica

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Desmonema Miers

    Perennial deciduous climbing precocious shrubs. Stem succulent, corky. Leaves membranous, basal nerves 7. Flowers in axillary terminal racemes or panicles. Sepals 6, 2-seriate, the 3 inner larger and membranous. Petals 6, smaller than the sepals. Male flowers: stamens 6; filaments free, apex thickened, anthers obliquely adnate. Female flowers: staminodes 6, clavate; carpels 3, stigmas broad. Drupes 1-3; style scar terminal, endocarp rugose. Seed usually curved round the intruded endocarp, albumen ruminate.

    About 40 species spread over tropical Africa, S.E. Asia, Indo-Malaysia and Australia. Represented by 1 naturalised and cultivated species in Pakistan.

    Lower Taxon

    Related Synonym(s):


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