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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae

Tripogon Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2:34. 1817. Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:285. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 265. 1935; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2: 253. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 519. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:442, 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 629. 1976.

Slender densely tufted perennials; culms erect or pendulous, unbranched. Leaves mainly basal; leaf-blades narrow, usually filiform; ligule a narrow ciliate membrane. Inflorescence a solitary terminal subsecund spike, the spikelets biseriate, overlapping and more or less appressed to the rhachis. Spikelets 2-many-flowered, linear to elliptic, laterally compressed, disarticulating between the florets; glumes 1-nerved or rarely the upper 3-nerved, narrow, keeled, persistent, membranous, unequal, shorter than the lemmas or the upper glume exceeding the lower lemmas, lower glume often asymmetrical; lemmas 3-nerved, rounded or obtusely keeled, membranous, glabrous, the tip 2-toothed or subentire, sometimes with additional lobes between the teeth, mucronate or 1-3-awned; palea usually winged and ciliolate along the margins; callus villous and sometimes bearded in front. Caryopsis narrow, trigonous to almost terete in cross-section.

A genus of about 30 species in the tropics and subtropics, especially Africa and India; represented in Pakistan by 2 species.

1 Lemmas 2-lobed at the apex with a minute awn from between the lobes   Tripogon purpurascens
+ Lemmas 4-lobed at the apex with two of the lobes extended as short awns; central awn twice as long as the lemma, or more   Tripogon filiformis

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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