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Pakistan | Family List | Urticaceae

Urtica Linn., Sp.Pl. 983. 1753. Gen.Pl.ed.5.1054.1754; Boiss.,Fl. Or.4:1146. 1879; Benth. & Hook.f., Gen.Pl. 3:381. 1880; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5:548. 1885.

Monoecious or dioecious herbs, covered with stinging hairs. Stem ridged or angular. Leaves petiolate, opposite,
(3-) 5-7-costate, serrate or palmately lobed; stipules free lateral or interpetiolar. Inflorescence of dichasial cymose clusters arranged in axillary unisexual or bisexual racemes, spikes or panicles. Flowers green, minute, unisexual. Calyx of 4, free, imbricate sepals, equal in male but unequal in female flowers. Stamens 4, opposite to sepals, staminodes absent in female flowers. Ovary ovoid. straight; style absent or very short, stigma capitate-penicillate; pistillode cup-like in male flowers. Achene ovoid-elliptic or oblong, compressed, enveloped by larger inner pair of sepals.

A genus with about 50 species; distributed mostly in North Temperate regions, a few occur in South Temperate and Tropical areas. Represented in our area by 4 species.

1 Stipules free lateral   (2)
+ Stipules connate, interpetiolar   (3)
2 (1) Dioecious herb with dense indumentum of stinging hairs. Male and female flowers in axillary panicles   Urtica dioica
+ Monoecious herb with scattered stinging hairs. Male flowers in catkin-like spike. Female flowers in long peduncled globose pseudo-heads   Urtica pilulifera
3 (1) A large, up to 150 cm tall herb copiously covered with long stinging hairs. Leaves not glandular-puberulous below. Fruiting sepals armed hispid   Urtica ardens
+ A small, up to 50 cm tall, basally woody undershrub, (with small stinging hairs). Leaves glandular puberulous below. Fruiting sepals not armed hispid   Urtica hyperborea

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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