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Pakistan | Family List | Caryophyllaceae | Silene

25. Silene conoidea L., Sp. Pl. 418. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 1:580.1867; Edgew. Hook. f., in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1:218.1874; Aitchison in J. Linn. Soc. 28:37.1880; Blatter, Beaut Flow. Kashm. 1:57.1928; Burkill, Work. List. Fl. Pl. Baluch. 14.1908; Mizushima in Kitam., Fl. Afghan. 115.1960; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 251.1972; F.G. Bhopal & M.N. Chaudh. In Pak. Syst. 1(1): 121. 1977.

Vern.: Takla Qardi.


Annual, up to 40 cm tall. Stems erect, branched or simple, densely glandular-pubescent. Leaves 25-140 x 2-12 mm, linear-lanceolate, base clasping at the nodes, sessile, glandular-pubescent. Bracts similar to leaves, but smaller in size. Inflorescence paniculate, with 3-5 flowers in lax dichasia. Pedicels densely glandular-pubescent. Calyx 21-25 mm, acute; teeth lanceolate, 30-nerved, not anastomosing. Petals pink to reddish, limb 8-9 mm, emarginate or entire, claw 15-16 mm. Coronal scales oblong. Carpophore c. 1 mm, glabrous. Capsule 11-18 mm, conical, with narrow neck, included in the calyx. Seeds c. 1.1 mm long, reniform, minutely echinulate concentrically, brown.

Fl. Per.: March-April, Fr. Per.: May.

Type: Described from Spain, Hb. Linn 583/29 (LINN).

Common in Pakistan from 1520-2130 m. As a weed in cultivated fields. Used as soap and as fodder.


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