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Pakistan | Family List | Nymphaeaceae | Euryale

Euryale ferox Salisb. in Kon. & Sims, Ann. Bot. 21.74. 1806. Hook. f. & Thoms., 1.c. 115, 1872, Subramanyam, Aquatic Ang. 6. 1962, Cook et al., Water Pl. World 336. 1974 (Fig.1,A-E).


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270.

Euryale ferox

Credit: M. Rafiq

Leaves 30-120 cm in diameter, covered with 3-7 mm long, recurved spines on both the surfaces, ribs strong. Flowers 2-5 cm in diameter. Sepals 2-3 cm long, green, prickly outside, glabrous inside. Petals 1-2:0.2-0.7 cm, bright red to violet inside, green and shining outside. Stamens c. 5 mm long. Stigma discoid, depressed, concave with as many rays as carpels. Fruit 10-12 x 6-10 cm, ovoid-conical with persistent sepals.

Syntypes: Described from eastern India and China.

B-8 Kashmir: Dal Lake, Shanti Sarup s.n. 27.8.1939 (RAW), ibid., R.R. & I.D. Stewart 3245 (RAW).

Distribution: Pakistan (Kashmir) eastwards. to India, China and Japan.

Seeds are eaten raw or roasted.


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