10. Rosa multiflora Thunb., Fl. Jap. 214. 1784. Lindl., Ros. Monogr. 119. 1820, Crép. Prim. Monogr. Ros. 257. 1874, E. Willm., The genus Rosa, 1, 2: 23. 1911, Ghora & G. Panigrahi, Rosaceae Ind. 2: 350. 1995, Cuizhi & K. R. Robertson, l. c. 370. 2003.
Herbarium, Institute of Dendrology, PL-62-035, Kórnik (near Poznań), Poland.
Deciduous shrub with arching or climbing stems up to 7 m long. Stems rather slender. Prickles curved. Leaflets (5-) 7-9, up to 5 cm long, ovate to obovate, obtuse acute or acuminate at apex, simply or rarely doubly serrate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent above, pubescent beneath. Stipules with long fringes along the margin. Flowers white or rarely pink, ca 2 cm in diameter, in panicles, rarely in corymbs. Sepals with lateral lobes, reflexed after flowering and caduceus in fruit. Styles hairy, connected in a long column (often broken in fruit). Orifice narrow. Fruit small, globose, 6-7 mm in diameter, red wh en mature.
Type: Japan, Kyushu Island near Nagasaki, Thunberg s. n. (UPS).
B-7 About 4 miles from Abbottabad on way to Mansehra, K. Akhter & M. Qaiser 171 (KUH), About 10 miles from Muzaffarabad(?) on way to Chinari, M. Qaiser &S. Abedin (KUH), C-7 30 miles from Garhi Habibullah(?) on way to Balakot, K. Akhter & M. Qaiser 198 (KUH), 2 miles from Balakot on way to Garhi Habibullah, M. Qaiser & S. Abedin 5676 (KUH), Murree Hills, S. Z. Husain s.n. (KUH), 5 miles from Murree on way to Ayubia, K. Akhter & M. Qaiser 84 (KUH).
Distribution: Native of Japan, Korea, naturalized in India, Nepal, Kashmir and Pakistan.
The species is sometimes planted as ornamental (double-flowered forms), it is also used as a stock for the budding noble roses, locally naturalized. Aqueous extracts of the flowers, leaves and stems are active against gram positive bacteria, also used as laxative in Japan (Ghora and G. Panigrahi l. c.).