Vicia faba Linn., Sp.Pl. 737. 1753. Baker in Hook.f.,Fl.Brit.Ind.2:179. 1876; Ali in Bot. Notiser 120:56.1967.
Erect tannual, 60-120 cm tall. Leaflets 2-6, 4.0-10.0 cm long, 1.0-4.0 cm broad, oval to elliptic, obtuse, mucronate, glabrous; stipules 10-17 mm long. Flowers 1-6, axillary. Calyx 12-15 mm long, cup oblique, lower teeth longer, c. 5 mm long. Corolla white with dark violet wings. Fruit 8-20 cm long, c. 1.0-2.0 cm broad, pubescent. Seeds 2.0-3.0 cm, ovoid-oblong.
Distribution: Commonly cultivated during winter in Pakistan; widely cultivated in Europe and other places.
According to P.W.Ball (in Tutin et al, Fl.Europ.2:135.1968), some authorities consider it to have originated in S.W.Asia and others in N.Africa. An alternative theory is that it has developed under cultivation from Vicia narbonensis L., which it closely resembles in many characters.
The garden or broad bean is cultivated for the edible seeds and immature legume and as fodder.