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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae

Vicia Linn., Sp. Pl. 734. 1753. Gen. Pl.ed.5.327.1754;Baker in Hook. f.,Fl.Brit. Ind.2:176.1876; Ali in Bot. Notiser 120:46.1967.

Annual or perennial herb, mostly climbing by tendrils. Leaf mostly paripinnate, rachis ending in a tendril or bristle, rarely leaf imparipinnate. Leaflets mostly numerous, rarely 2-6, entire or toothed; stipules semisagittate, often toothed, stipels absent. Inflorescence axillary raceme or flowers solitary or few in leaf axil. Bracts small or deciduous, bracteoles absent. Calyx tube often oblique and asymmetrical, teeth subequal. Vexillum obovate or oblong, emarginate, tapering into a claw. Stamens monadelphous or diadelphous, 9+1, anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile or stipitate, 2-many ovuled, style terete or compressed, pubescent or pilose all round or on the lower side only or with apical tuft of hairs, rarely glabrous, stigma terminal. Fruit oblong to linear, compressed, 2-valved. Seed mostly globose, funicle dilated into a thin aril.

A genus with about 120 species, widely distributed, mostly in temperate regions of N.Hemisphere and S. America.

1 Style conspicuously bearded on the lower side of the tip   (2)
+ Style finely downy all round near the tip   (8)
2 (1) Peduncle 7 mm or more   (3)
+ Peduncle less than 7 mm long   (4)
3 (2) Stipule bi or trifid or dentate   Vicia monantha
+ Stipule with 6 or more teeth   Vicia bithynica
4 (2) Fruit glabrous when mature   (5)
+ Fruit pilose   (6)
5 (4) Inflorescence 1-2-flowered, calyx cup c. 2-less than 3 mm broad, (in pressed condition), leaflets generally more than 5 times as long as broad; all calyx teeth reach almost the same level   Vicia sativa
+ -Inflorescence 2-6-flowered, calyx cup more than 3-4 mm broad (in pressed condition), leaflets generally less than 5 times as long as broad, all calyx teeth do not reach the same level   Vicia sepium
6 (4) Leaflets narrowly linear to oblanceolate, not more than 5 mm broad, retuse   Vicia peregrina
+ Leaflets not oblanceolate, broader than 5 mm, not retuse   (7)
7 (6) Leaflets entire, glabrous, pod densely pilose, hairs not spreading   Vicia faba
+ Leaflets minutely dentate, pilose at the margin, pod tubercled pubescent at the margin to glabrescent   Vicia narbonensis
8 (1) Pod pilose   (9)
+ Pod glabrous   (11)
9 (8) Pod 6-11 mm long (calyx almost as long as the keel)   Vicia hirsuta
+ Pod more than 1.5 cm long   (10)
10 (9) Flower less than 2 cm (c. 1.2 cm), pod less than 2.5 cm (c. 2.3 cm)   Vicia villosa
+ Flower more than 2 cm (2.2-2.5 cm), pod more than 2.5 cm (3-4 cm) long   Vicia benthamiana
11 (8) Inflorescence 1-3-flwered   (12)
+ Inflorescence more than 3-flowered   (13)
12 (11) flowers 10-15 mm long   Vicia monantha
+ Flowers 4-7 mm long   Vicia tetrasperma
13 (11) Leaflets oblong-linear, oblong-ovate to linear; at least 3, generally 5 times as long as broad   (14)
+ Leaflets elliptical, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, less than 3 times as long as broad   (15)
14 (13) Lower 1 or 2 leaflets invariably arising very near the stipule   Vicia tenuifolia
+ Lower 1 or 2 leaflets not arising near the stipule   Vicia villosa
15 (13) Lower teeth of the calyx c. 4-5 mm; corolla pale lilac   Vicia bakeri
+ Lower teeth of the calyx 1.5-2 mm; corolla whitish-cream turning orange or reddish   Vicia rigidula

  • List of lower taxa


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