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Pakistan | Family List | Buxaceae | Sarcococca

Sarcococca saligna (D.Don) Muell.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 16(l):11. 1869. Stewart & Brandis,For.Fl.448. 1874; Parker,For.Fl.Punj.ed. 3:451.1956; Sealy in Hook.l.cPl.36: t,3560.1956; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl.W. Pak.& Kash.457.1972.

Vern.: Ban Sathera, Shangal.

Sarcococca saligna

Credit: Azmat

  • Buxus saligna D.Don
  • Sarcococca pruniformis Lindl.sec. Hool.f.
  • Sarcococca pruniformis var. angustifolia Lindl.
  • Sarcococca salicifolia Baill.

    Evergreen, up to 2 m tall, glabrous shrub with green bark and profuse wandy branches. Leaves narrow to broadly lanceolate or very narrowly ovate, occasionally subfalcate, 5.5-9.5 cm long, l-2.2 cm broad, distinctly 3-nerved, attenuate at the base, acuminate to caudate, acute; petiole 0.5-1.3 cm long. Racemes either male or female or mixed with male flowers towards the apex and female ones at the base; male racemes c. 6-8 mm long, females c. 1 cm long. Flowers almost sessile, greenish-white, unisexual; bracts ovate, c. 2 mm long. Sepals elliptic to broadly elliptic, 2-3 mm long, c. l.5-2 mm wide, obtuse. Stamens with 6-7 mm long filaments, anthers 2-3 mm long. Ovary tricarpellary; styles 3 from outer edges of the ovary, longer than the sepals, flattened. Drupe subglobose, c. 7-8 mm long, purple, smooth, tipped with style bases.

    Fl.Per.: September-April.

    Type: “Habitat in Srinagar” Kamroop.

    Distribution: A common gregarious shrub of moist and shady places in W. Himalayas from Afghanistan to Kumaon between 1-3000 m.

    The leaves and shoots are boiled and applied on swollen joints or in pain.


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