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Pakistan | Family List | Rhamnaceae | Ziziphus

5. Ziziphus jujuba Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8. No. 1. 1768. R.R. Stewart, l.c. 850; Browicz, l.c. 5.

Vern: Singli, baryan, unnab.


Ziziphus jujuba

Credit: M. Rafiq

  • Rhamnus ziziphus L.
  • Ziziphus sativa Gaertn.
  • Ziziphus vulgaris Lam.

    A small tree or shrub, with spreading branches, glabrous, prickles stout, straight up to 3 cm long, older tree unarmed, leaves coriaceous, glabrous, obliquely oblong-ovate, lanceolate, crenate to serrate, obtuse-subacute, base slightly cordate, 2-5 cm x 1-2.5 cm; petiole very short c. 1-2 mm long, Inflorescence of axillary clusters. Flower 3-4 mm in diameter, peduncles very short; pedicels 1-2 mm long. Calyx ovate, acuminate somewhat keeled. Petals spathulate cucullate, c. 2 mm long. Disc thin, 5-lobed, styles 2 united to the middle, fruit globose or oblong 1-2 x .5-1 cm, succulent, shining.

    Fl. Per.: June-July.

    Type: Described from Europe.

    Distribution: S. Europe, Mediterranean region, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, India, Mongolia, Japan, China, Tibet, S. & E. Asia.

    Economically an important tree or shrub. Fruit is used for bronchitis, the bark contains tannin. The wood is dense and is used for turning.


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