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Pakistan | Family List | Lythraceae | Lawsonia

Lawsonia inermis Linn., Sp. Pl. 349. 1753. Roxb., l.c. 258; Bailey, l.c. 1830; Parsa, l.c. 624; Parker, l.c. 256; Pol. & Rech. f., l.c. l.

Vern.: Henna, Mehndi.

Lawsonia inermis

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Lawsonia alba Lam.
  • Lawsonia spinosa Linn.

    Fragrant shrub, up to 2.5 m tall. Leaves elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute, obtuse or subacuminate, 8-44 mm long, 2-20 mm broad. Panicles 3-22 cm long. Pedicels 2-3.5 mm long. Sepals ovate. Petals 3-4 mm long, 4-5 mm broad. Filaments 4 mm long. Capsules (3-)4-8(-9) mm in diameter, wall veined.

    Fl. Per.: Oct.-Nov.

    Type: Described from India and Egypt. Herb. Linn. No. 496/1 (LINN).

    Distribution: Africa and Asia.

    Indigenous to Baluchistan and widely cultivated throughout the country for its fragrant flowers and orange-red dye obtained from macerated, triturated or powdered leaves. The dye is used for dyeing cloth and hair, for staining nails, palms and soles, and in medicine. Very variable.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M.Y. Saleem)
  • Image/JPEG

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