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Pakistan | Family List | Myrsinaceae | Myrsine

Myrsine africana Linn., Sp.Pl. 196. 1753. Clarke in Hook.f., l.c. 511; Parker, For.Fl.Punj. (rep.ed.): 303.1956; Collett, l.c. 304; R.R. Stewart, l.c. 532.

Vern.: Chapra, Bebrang.

Myrsine africana

Credit: Shaukat

Small, evergreen shrub, up to 1 m tall, with pubescent twigs. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate to obovate, subsessile, 1-2 (-2.8) cm long, 4-10(-12) mm broad, usually minutely serrate, almost glabrous; those in the flowering region often easily falling. Flowers c. 2 mm across, in almost sessile, axillary clusters. Calyx 4-lobed, 1-1.5 mm long, pubescent to almost glabrous. Corolla 4-lobed, 2-3 mm long. Stamens 4, subsessile with oblong, often purplish anthers overtopping the corolla; style short with large, verrucose stigma. Drupe globose, berry-like, 3-4 mm in diameter, tipped by the style base, smooth, reddish to dark-red, 1-seeded.

Fl. Per.: March-May.

Type: Described from Aethiopia.

Distribution: Widely distributed in Asia and Africa.

It has been recorded from Baluchistan (Harnai and Loralai) and Salt range by R.R. Stewart (l.c.) and Parker (l.c.). A plant of our northern and N.W. regions. It burns quickly, even when green, because of its glandular leaves. The fruit is used as an anthelmentic.


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