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Pakistan | Family List | Oleaceae | Nyctanthes

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn., Sp. P1. 6. 1753. C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 603; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 3: 318. 1956.

Vern. Harsingar, Kuri.

Trees up to 10 m high. Branches quadrangular; bark grey or greyish-green. Leaves up to 10 cm long and 5 cm broad, coriaceous, covered with stiff white hairs ; petiole up to 1 cm long. Flowers fragrant, in 3-7 flowered pedunculate heads. Corolla tube c. 1 cm long, orange red; lobes 5-7 mm long, patent, whitish.

Fl. Per.: August-October. Fruit: cold season.

Type: “Habitat in India”.

Distribution: Central India and Sub-Himalayan tract, 300—1000 m. Cultivated since ancient times; naturalised in several places, especially in lower foothills of Hazara, Rawalpindi Dist. and Mardan Dist., etc.; common from the Ravi eastwards.

Grown for its fragrant flowers. Leaves are used for polishing wood and in country medicine as a febrifuge. From the corolla tube an orange dye is extracted.


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