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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Leucas

5. Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 113. 1822. Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 532. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 690. 1885; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 166. 1940; The Wealth of India, Raw Materials 6: 79. 1962; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 615. 1972; Keng in van Steenis, Fl. Males. 8, 3: 337. 1978.

I.C. Hedge

  • Leucas plukenetii (Roth) Spreng.
  • Phlomis aspera Wilid.
  • Phlomis plukenetii Roth

    Annual, usually with many branches. Stems 15-30 cm with spreading short hairs. Leaves linear to linear lanceolate, weakly crenate to subentire at margins, cuneate above and below; up to 5 x 1.5 cm with adpressed hairs on upper surface and a denser indumentum of short spreading hairs below especially on nerves; petiole subabsent to c. 5 mm on lower leaves. Verticiltasters globose in uppermost leaf axils, 1-4, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, c. 16-20-flowered. Bracts narrow linear, c. 1/2 length of calyces, long-ciliate at margins. Calyx 7-9 mm, scarcely elongating in fruit, pale green, scarcely curved, with a prominently oblique mouth; teeth 8-10, irregular in size, triangular, 2-3 mm long with short spinulose apices. Corolla 8-10 mm white; upper lip short, densely bearded; lower lip dearly longer than upper and projecting forward. Nutlets bluntly trigonous, c. 2.5 x 1.5 mm.

    Fl. Per.: June.

    Type: "Hab. in Caramania" (B - WILLD, 10951 microfiche!).

    Distribution: Kashmir to Sikkim, Indo-China, Malaysia.

    The type locality is indicated as "Caramania" in the original description; on the specimen in the Willdenow herbarium the word may be read as "Carmania". The former may refer to Karaman in Turkey, the latter to the Kerman area of S Iran but neither seem likely to be the type locality, as the species is not known from anywhere near these localities. Used as a culinary herb.


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