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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Scutellaria

1. Scutellaria galericulata L., Sp. Pl. 599. 1753. Benth. L.c. 425; Hook. f., l.c. 670; Blatter, Beaut. Flow. Kashmir 2: 126. 1928; Mukerjee, l.c. 148; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 633. 1972; Wealth of India, Raw Materials 9: 262. 1972; Rech. f., l.c. 48, t. 36; Kaul, Weed Fl. Kashmir valley 238. 1986; Abdullaeva in Vvedensky, Conspect. Fl. As. Med. 22. 9: 1987.

I.C. Hedge & A. Paton

Perennial herb with a slender creeping rhizome. Stems 20-60 cm, ascending or erect, acutely quadrangular, leafy, simple or branched with very short crisped retrorse eglandular white hairs. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 7-45 x 3-15 mm, decreasing in size up the stem, weakly crenulate, sometimes revolute, cordate-truncate, acute, with a very short eglandular indumentum denser below, upper surface sometimes glabrous; lower leaves with a petiole up to 2 cm, upper sessile. Inflorescence lax, terminal; flowers secund, in axils of upper leaves. Pedicels 1-1.5 mm, erect-spreading, with very small basal scales, terete. Calyx 3-3.5 mm in flower, enlarging in fruit to 4.5 mm and with a 2 mm high scutellum, with a similar indumentum but denser to that of stem. Corolla blue to violet-blue with some white markings, 12-16 mm, densely pilose; tube 8-10 mm; lower lip glabrous. Nutlets prominently tuberculate, orange-brown, c. 1.5 x 1 mm.

Fl. Per.: July-September.

Type: Europe (LINN 751/6!).

Distribution: Temperate Eurasia, N. America (the only species of the genus to be found in both the Old and New Worlds).

A species of wet or irrigated places, characterized by the weakly crenulate leaves and the blue/violet-blue flowers borne in the leaf axils.


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