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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Solanum

3. Solanum erianthum D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 96. 1825. R.R. Stewart, l.c. 643.

Vern.: ‘Kala mewa’.

YASIN J. NASIR

  • Solanum verbascifolium auctt. non L: Clarke

    An erect shrub from 120-150 cm or more tall. Young shoots and branchlets dense stellate-tomentose with yellowish-white indument. Leaves 8-25 x 4-9.5 cm, elliptic-ovate, acute to acuminate, stellately tomentose, cuneate, under surface (in dried state) lighter coloured. Petiole 20-30 (-40) mm long. Flowers 15-25 in number, in dense terminal and axillary corymbose cymes, white. Peduncle up to 90 mm long, ± stout. Calyx ± cupular, tomentose; lobes c. 3 mm long, acute, slightly enlarged in fruit. Corolla slightly exceeding the calyx; limb 14-16 mm broad, lobes 4.5 mm long, acute. Anthers oblong, 4-5 mm long; filaments 1.5 mm long, glabrous. Style glabrous. Ovary glabrescent. Berry globose, 8-10 mm broad, yellow. Seeds ± discoid, minutely reticulate.

    Fl. Per.: Mostly throughout the year.

    Type: Hab. in Nepalaie, Wallich (BM).

    Distribution: S. Asia, N. Australia and tropical America.

    The species sometimes attains the size of a small tree. Found in the subhimalayan tract and adjacent plains to 1600 m. The dried herbage mixed in water is said to be good for inflammation and burns (Chopra, Gloss. Ind. Med. Pl. p. 230. 1956). In S. India the fruit is used in curries (J. L. Stewart, Punj. Pl. p. 160.1868).


     

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