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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Solanum

1. Solanum nigrum L., Sp. Pl. 186. 1753. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:229.1883; Collett, Fl. Siml. 341.1902; Kashyap, Lah. Dist. Fl. 149.1936; Maheshwari, Fl. Delhi, 245.1963; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 295.1966; Matthew & Rani in Matthew, Fl. Tamilnadu Carnatic, 1:1062.1983.

Vern.: ‘Mako, Kach-Mach.’


Annual 15-60 cm tall, with a suffrut escent base; branches and shoots subglabrous or pubescent to glandular-villous; hairs appressed or patent. Leaves 2.5-10 x 2-5.5 cm, sinuate to irregularly dentate, glabrous to puberulous-pubescent or glandular. Lamina ± decurrent. Petiole 8-40 mm long, appressed pubescent or glandular. Peduncle (8-) 10-25 min long, exceeding or shorter than the pedicel length. Calyx lobes 1-1.5(-2) mm long, glabrous to pubescent. Corolla much exceeding the calyx in length; lobes triangular-acute, 4-6 mm long; anthers yellow, dehiscing by 2 apical pores. Filaments as long or shorter than the anthers, pilose. Style ± included, pubescent at the base. Stigma capitate. Ovary glabrous. Berry globose to subovoid, 5-8 mm broad, black or orange-red. Seeds discoid, minutely reticulate-foveolate.

1 Mature berries black. Peduncles longer than pedicels   1 Solanum nigrum var. nigrum
+ Berries orange to orange-red. Peduncles shorter than or equalling the pedicels   1 Solanum nigrum var. villosum

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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