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Pakistan | Family List | Phrymaceae | Phryma

Phryma leptostachya Linn., Sp. Pl. 2:601. 1753. Clarke in Hook. f. l.c.; Holm, Bot. Gaz. 56:306. 1913; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 200. 1916; Collett, Flora Simelensis 378. 1921.

Phryma leptostachya

Credit: Azmat

  • Phryma leptostachya var. asiatica Hara
  • Phryma media Rafin
  • Phryma parvifiora Rafin
  • Phryma pubescens Rafin

    Erect perennial herb with somewhat fleshy brownish root. Stem and branches quadrangular, articulated, lower portion puberulous-pilose, upper portion pilose especially at nodes. Leaves oval to elliptic ovate, coarsely serrate, acuminate, lower leaves abruptly narrowed at base with .1-3.5 cm long petiole and upper one: with 2-4 mm long petiole, lamina 3-10 cm long 1.5-5 cm broad, pilose hispid, 5-7 nerved. Inflorescence axillary and terminal spikes, 15-35 cm long, floral axis hispid. Flowers more commonly alternate, rarely opposite, sessile to sub-sessile. Bract linear minute¬ly hispid at the margin, 2-3 mm long, bracteoles minute. Calyx tubular, tube c. 4-5 mm long, sparcely hispid prominently 5 veined, bilabiate, the posterior 3 lobes subulate and hooked at the apex, c. 2 mm long, lower 2 short. Corolla bilabiate, 5-7 mm long, lower lip larger and spreading 3 fid, upper shortly bilobed, lobes rounded. Stamens inserted above the middle of the corolla tube, slightly excluded in fully opened flower; larger filament 1.5-2 mm long, shorter c. 1 mm long. Ovary oblong, less than 2 mm long; style 1, terminal, c. 2 mm long. Fruit enclosed by the per¬sistent deflexed calyx, c. 5 mm long, oblong, 5 nerved.

    Fl. Per. May-July.

    Type: N. America. Herb. Linn. no. 755/1 (LINN).

    Distribution: North America, Canada, Japan, Nepal, India. and West Pakistan.

    Not a very common plant in the hills of Kashmir and Murree, grows in damp shady places and woods from 1000 to 2300 in.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (Azmat)
  • Image/JPEG

    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (David E. Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/JPEG (David E. Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG

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