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Pakistan | Family List | Pakistan V. 207 | Asteraceae | Artemisia

16. Artemisia vulgaris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 848. 1753; DC., Prodr. 6: 112. 1837; C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 161. 1876; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 325. 1881 pro parte; Blatter, Beut. Fl. Kashm. 1: 167. 1928; Collett, Fl. Siml. 266. 1921 pro parte; Hall & Clements, North Amer. Sp. of Artemisia in Carn. Inst. Publ. 326: 71. 1923; Poljakov in Schischk. & Bobrov, Fl. USSR 26: 416. 2000; R. R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 720. 1972; Cullen in P.H.Davis, Fl. Turk. 5: 313. 1975; Tutin in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 4: 180. 1976; Podlech in Rech. f., l. c. tab. 153. 1986.

Vern.: tatwan, nagdowna.

A. superba Pamp. in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. s. 36: 473. 1930.

A perennial, large, basally suffruticose shrub with several, closely growing, erect, simple cinereous or tomentose to glabrous, striate to shallowly grooved, reddish-tinged, (30-) 50-18 (-200) cm tall stems from the upright, 1.5-2 cm thick rootstock. Leaves densely whitish arachnoid hairy beneath, green and sparsely hairy to glabrous above, basally articulate; basal leaves petiolate, lamina broadly ovate, 5-12 (-15) x 3-6 (-8) cm, unipinnatisect into elliptic-ovate, pinnatifid primary segments with acute lobes; middle and upper stem leaves sessile to subsessile, deeply pinnate; uppermost in floral region undivided, lanceolate, entire, acute. Capitula heterogamous, numerous, subsessile, oblong, 3-4 x c. 2 mm, erect to ± nodding, in 10-40 x 5-25 cm, broadly pyramidate panicle with 5-20 cm long, upwardly directed primary and secondary branches. Involucre 4-seriate, phyllaries greyish arachnoid pubescent outside; outermost ovate, 1.5 x c. 1 mm, narrowly scarious on margins, acute; inner elliptic-oblong, c. 2 x 1.75 mm, broadly pale scarious margined, obtuse. Receptacle glabrous, hemispherical. Florets 10-30, yellow with reddish tinge; marginal florets 5-10, female, fertile, with 1.75-2 mm long, bidentate, glandulose corolla tube; disc florets 5-20, bisexual, fertile, with 1.5-2 mm long, narrowly tubular-campanulate 5-toothed glandulose corolla. Cypselas light brown, c. 1 mm long, finely striate.

Fl. Per.:August-November.

Type: Described from Europe, Herb. Linn. 988.41 (LINN).

Distribution: North Africa, Europe eastwards to Caucasia, Turkestan, Siberia, Iran , Afghanistan, Pakistan, N. W. India; introduced and naturalised in N. America.

A highly polymorphic and widespread species in which a number of infraspecific taxa have been recognized. The infusion of leaves is said to be given in fever. The tomentum is used as moxa.


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