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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Festuca

Festuca rubra Linn., Sp. Pl. 1:74. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:6211884; Stapf in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:352,1896; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:80.1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:220.1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 540.1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:85.1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:80.1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 400.1976; Markgraf-Dannenberg in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:140.1980.

Loosely to densely tufted rhizomatous perennial; culms 15-90cm high, erect or spreading, slender and wiry. Leaf-blades folded-setaceous, those on the culm often opening out, up to 40cm long, smooth on the lower (outer) surface, green or greyish-green, with 7-11 quite separate ± equal sclerenchyma strands, 1 on the keel, 1 along each margin and 1 below each of the lateral nerves; ligule a narrow rim c. 0.5 mm long. Panicle lanceolate to oblong, 3-17cm long, erect or nodding, loose, open or eventually contracted, the branches smooth, scabrid or hairy. Spikelets 3-9-flowered, 5-14mm long (excluding the awns); lower glume 2-3.5mm long, 1-nerved; upper glume 3.5-5mm long, 3-nerved; lemmas narrowly lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate in side-view, 4-7.5 mm long, scaberulous towards the tip, glabrous or hairy on the back, with an awn (0.8-) 1.2-5 mm long; palea scabrid along the keels, anthers 2-3 mm long; ovary glabrous or very sparsely hairy.

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


Related Objects  

Gramineae (Poaceae) in Flora of Taiwan  
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
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