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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Lolium

Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. France. 3:621. 1778. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:679. 1884; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:66. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2:205. 1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 545. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, H. Iraq 9:93. 1968; Bor in Rech. f., H. Iran. 70:92. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 422. 1976; Humphries in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:154. 1980.

Annual, biennial or short-lived perennial; culms 30-130 cm high, tufted or solitary, erect or spreading, slender to rather stout. Leaf-blades (6-)11-22 cm long, 3-8 mm wide, convolute when young, usually with auricles 1-4 mm long at the base. Spikes straight or slightly curved, 15-33(-45) cm long, slender to rather stout, the spikelets overlapping or their own length or more apart. Spikelets 8-30 mm long (excluding the awns), (5-)11-22-flowered; upper glume 5-14 (-18) mm long, 0.25-05 times the length of the spikelet, not much longer than the lowest floret, 3-7-nerved, obtuse, acute or slightly erose; lemmas oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 4-8 mm long, smooth or minutely scaberulous, acute, obtuse or slightly bifid, not turgid at maturity; awns rarely absent, up to 15 mm long.

Fl. & Fr. Per.: June-August.

Type: France (P).

Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan & N. W. F. P.); Central and southern Europe, Northwest Africa and Southwest Asia; introduced into most temperate countries.

Italian Rye-Grass readily hybridises with Lolium perenee and species of Festuca. It is a valuable fodder grass.

160-2600 m.


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