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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Panicum

Panicum paludosum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1:310. 1820. Duthie, Fodder Grasses 11. 1888; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 162. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:229. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:28. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 329. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:471. 1970.

  • Panicum natans Koen. ex Trin.
  • Panicum proliferum of Hook.f.
  • Panicum proliferum var. paludosum (Roxb.) Stapf
  • Panicum repens var. paludosum (Roxb.) O. Ktze.

    Aquatic perennial; culms 25-130 cm high, spongy, erect or ascending from the creeping lower portion, this usually rooting at the nodes. Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, (8-)15-30(-50) cm long, 6-14 mm wide, subcordate at the base, flat, glabrous, blunt or sharply acute; sheaths glabrous and ± loose. Panicle ovate or oblong, 10-30 cm long, the branches naked below, the lowermost whorled. Spikelets narrowly lanceolate, 3.24 mm long, glabrous, acute or shortly acuminate, appressed to the branches; lower glume orbicular, hyaline, up to a quarter the length of the spikelet, obtuse or truncate, nerveless; upper glume 7-nerved; lower lemma 9-nerved, its palea well developed or absent; upper lemma pallid, smooth and shining.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: September-October.

    Type locality: India.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab); Nepal, India and Ceylon, through Burma to Southeast Asia and tropical Australia.

    A vigorous creeping water-grass eaten by buffalo.


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