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Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Habenaria

1. Habenaria aitchisonii Reichb.f. apud Aitch. in Trans. Linn. Soc. Bot. Ser. 2, 3:113. 1886. Boiss., Fl. Or. Suppl. 370.1886; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6:152.1890; Duthie, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta, 186. pl. 138. 1906; R.R. Stewart, l.c. 70.1972; Renz in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 62. pl. 21.1978.


  • Habenaria brachyphylla Aitch.

    Plants up to 40(-50) cm tall with sessile, oblong, up to 5 cm long, tuberoids. Leaves 2, basal, subopposite, sessile, orbicular, 4-8 cm long, lying flat on ground, dark green with pale coloured spots, slightly pubescent above. Stem with several small, appressed sheaths slightly pubescent above. Inflorescence subdense, sub¬secund. Bracts lanceolate, shorter than ovary. Flowers erect, ± appressed to the rachis, green or yellowish-green. Perianth segments ± 5 mm long; dorsal sepal forming a hood with petals, ovate-concave, .c.3 mm broad; lateral sepals obliquely ovate-lanceolate, deflexed; petals falcately oblong-lanceolate. Labellum 3-parted above base, c.7 mm long, yellowish-green; side-lobes thread-like, spreading, slightly longer than the linear deflexed mid-lobe. Spur 8-10 mm long, shorter than ovary, slightly inflated towards the tip. Column short; anther canals very short, upcurved; stigmatic processes clavate. Ovary glabrous.

    Fl. Per.: July-August.

    Type: “Kuram district, Darban Valley, in solo argillaceo silvarum, alt. 7500 ped.” 9.vlll.1880, Aitchison 413! (as Habenaria brachyphylla Lindl.).

    Distribution: Mainly in forests, up to 3500 m. Western Himalaya, extending east-wards to Nepal and Sikkim, also Kurram Valley and Waziristan.


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