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Pakistan | Family List | Neuradaceae | Neurada

Neurada procumbens L., Sp. PI. 1: 441. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 735. 1872; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 368. 1878; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 146. 1966; Meikle in Townsend & Guest, Fl. Iraq. 2: 151-153. 1966; Schoenback-Temesy, in Rech., f., Fl. Iran. 66: 159. 1969; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vas. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 353: 1972; Zohary, Fl. Pal. 125. 1972; Tackh., Stud. Fl. Egypt, ed. 2. 219. 1974; Meikle, Fl. Cyprus, 1: 629. 1977; Bhandari, Fl. Ind. Desert, 153-154. 1978; Khatamsaz, Fl. Iran (Persian) 6: 337. 1992.

Vern. Chapari, Chapari Booti (Urdu), Kua dhal (Sindhi).

Qutbuddin Marwat & Muhammad Amin Siddiqui

Neurada procumbens

Credit: S. Hameed

  • Figaraea aegyptiaca Viv.

    Annual prostrate, woolly canescent herb, root up to 180 mm long, diffused or procumbent branches, 100-322 mm long. Leaves 6-25 x 4-15 mm. oblong-ovate, pinnatilobed, lobes obtuse, 1-3(4) on each side, densely hairy with short or long, simple and branched hairs; bistipulate, stipules minute; petiole 3-8 mm long, densely hairy. Pedicels 3-6 mm long in fruit Receptacle 5.6 mm in diameter with 5-spiny, subulate, bracteoles. Sepals 5, acute, as long as or broader than the alternating bracteoles, connivent above, tube flat, spiny, forming a disc with the mature carpels, the outer teeth triangular, the inner lanceolate. Petals 5, 2-4.3 x 1.4-2 mm, inserted on the throat of the calyx tube, obovate or oblanceolate, greenish-white, distinctly veined, slightly exserting the sepals. Stamens 10, c. 2 mm long, filament slender, glabrous, with broadly ovate anthers, 0.5 x 0.5 mm. Carpels 10, partly connate, each one ovuled; styles longer than stamens, spinescent, sparingly tomentose, accrescent and hard in fruit; stigma minute, capitellate. Fruit dry, plano-orbicular, 8-15 mm in diameter, convex above, flat below, persisting as a collar around the young roots of the seedlings even after the plant is fully grown. Seeds curved about 2.5 x 1.5 mm in size, non endospermic, horn like with tapering distal end; testa dark brown, shiny. 2n=14.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: October-December.

    Type: "Habitat in Aegypto Arabia".

    Distribution: Mediterranean, N. Africa, Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, N. Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and N. W. Indian desert.

    A fairly common species of dry regions. particularly on sand dunes. It is considered to be a very strong tonic. Leaves and fruits are used for medicinal purposes. Used as a source of fodder for camel and sheep.


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