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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae | Spermadictyon

Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb., Corom. P1. 3: 32. t. 236. 1819. Sharma & Bir, Fl. Patiala 97. 1978; Hara & Gould in Hara & William, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 2: 208. 1979.


  • Hamiltonia dulina Buch-Ham. ex D. Don
  • Hamiltonia mysorensis Wight & Am.
  • Hamiltonia scabra D. Don
  • Hamiltonia suaveolens Roxb.
  • Spermadictyon azweum Wall.
  • Spermadictyon mysorensis Steud.

    Erect shrub, 1-3 m tall. Stem much branched, opposite decussate, glabrous or slightly pubescent, more or less herbaceous, bark of woody portion ash-coloured and usually with purple streaks. Leaves opposite, 7-20 x 4-10 cm, elliptic, oblong or ovate, acute to acuminate, attenuate, glabrous or pubescent, specially on nerves beneath, lateral nerves 10-20 pairs, arcuate; petiole 1-2 cm long; stipules broad triangular, cuspidate, ensiform or abruptly acuminate. Inflorescence trichotomously branched with panicles of head-like clusters. Flowers bluish-purple or white, fragrant, c. 1.5 cm long; bracts c. 2 mm long, leafy; bracteoles many, surrounding each fascicle of flowers, subulate, vinous. Calyx teeth 5, linear-subulate, hispid, persistent; tube narrow. Corolla-tube slender, widened somewhat towards the mouth, pubescent; lobes 5, spreading, oblong or ovate, acute, valvate in bud, c. 2 mm long. stamens included, filaments very short, anthers erect. Style filiform, as long as corolla-tube; stigma 5-cleft. Capsule 2.5-4 mm long, ovoid, 5-valved at the top, pubescent, black, compressed. Seeds 5 or less by abortion, surrounded by loose reticulate aril.

    Fl. Per.: Sept: Dec.

    Type: Growing wild on the Rajmuhal hills, Roxb. Pl. Coast Corom. 3: 32. t. 236.

    Distribution: Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan and Central & Western India, Behar, Bengal, Pakistan and China.

    A fairly common species of hot and dry ranges of sub-Himalayan tracts, ascending upto 2000 m.


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