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Pakistan | Family List | Meliaceae | Swietenia

Swietenia mahagoni Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. 20. 1760. Linn., Sp. Pl. ed. 2,271. 1762; Butterworth, Madras Trees. 127. 1911; Bailey. l.c.; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 3, 72.1956.

Evergreen tree up to 22 m tall. Leaves alternate, imparpinnate; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, 4.5-8 cm long, opposite to sub-opposite, entire, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, often ciliate; base oblique, petiole, 3-6 mm long, pubescent. Flowers small in lax, spreading panicles. Calyx truncate. Petals greenish white, obovate, 3-6 mm long. Staminal tube subcylindrical; anthers 10. Disc annular. Capsule 5-locular, ovoid, c. 11.5 cm long, brown. Seeds many, c. 5 cm long, winged at one end.

Distribution: Tropical, N. and S. America, and the W. Indies.

The "Mahagony tree" is cultivated for its valuable wood and is also ornamental.


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