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Pakistan | Family List | Menispermaceae | Tiliacora

Tiliacora racemosa Colebr. in Trans. Linn. Ser. 13:67. 1821. Hook. f. & Thoms. in l.c. 99; T. Cooke, l.c. 20; Talbot, l.c. 39; Brandis, l.c. 25.

Vern.: “Karwanth.”

Tiliacora racemosa

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Cocculus acuminatus DC.
  • Tiliacora acuminata Miers

    Evergreen climbing shrub. Leaves 4.5-10 cm long, 3-6.5 cm broad, ovate, entire, subacuminate, base cuneate, rounded or subcordate, glabrous, basal nerves 3; undulate; petiole 1-2.5 cm long. Flowers yellow, bracteate, in elongate, lax, axillary raceme-like panicles, 7.5-15 cm long; branches of panicles 2.5-3.5 cm long bearing 1 female and 3-7 male flowers. Male flowers: sepals 6, in 2 series, the outer ones small, the inner larger, oblong, obtuse; petals 6, very small, ovate, obovate, or orbicular, slightly emarginate, much shorter than the stamens; stamens 6, free; anthers introrse, dehiscing longitudinally. Female flowers: both sepals and petals same as in the male; carpels 6-12, on short gynophores. Drupes obovoid, 1.5 cm long, 1 cm broad, stipitate, subcompressed, style scar subbasal, obscurely ribbed, grooved on both sides, orange or red. Seeds uncinate, albumen ruminate. n=13

    Fl.Per.: December-February.

    Type: Described from India.

    Distribution: Tropical India, Sri Lanka, Indo-Malaya.

    The long flexible branches are used for thatching and for making baskets. Sometimes cultivated in Lahore and elsewhere.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M.Y. Saleem)
  • Image/JPEG

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