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Pakistan | Family List | Commelinaceae | Commelina

Commelina benghalensis Linn., Sp. Pl. 41. 1753. Clarke in DC., l.c. 159; Hook.f., l.c. 370; Cooke, l.c.; Brenan in Hutch & Dale., l.c. 48.

Vern. Kanchara, Kanteri.

Commelina benghalensis

Credit: Azmat

Erect to prostrate perennial herb, 20-60 cm long, often dichotomously branched from the base, glabrous to pubescent, rooting below, often developing subterranean or concealed, whitish flowers on underground scapes developed from the lower nodes. Leaves ovate to ovate-oblong, subsessile to shortly petioled, with sheathing base, 2.5-7.5 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm broad, entire, acute to sub-rounded at apex; petiole 4-10 mm long; sheaths 1-2 cm long, ciliate on the margins. Upper cymes 2-3-flowered, lower 1-2-flowered, sometimes suppressed. Aerial flowers blue, in short cymes subtended by spathes, maturing earlier than the subterranean flowers. Seeds rugose or closely pitted, sometimes wanting in aerial flowers.

Fl. Per.: June-September.

Type: Described from Bengal.

Distribution: Tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa.

A plant of moist and shaded places, used as fodder and sometimes as vegetable; medicinally used to cure skin inflammations, leprosy and as laxative.


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