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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Pogostemon

1. Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm. f.) O. Kuntze, Rev. Gen. et Sp. 529. 1891. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 629. 1972; Sharma & Kachroo, Fl. Jammu 1: 258. 1981; Press in Hara et al., Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 3: 162. 1982.

Vern.: ‘Kali Suhali’.

I.C. Hedge

  • Origanum benghalense Burm. f.
  • Pogostemon plectranthoides Desf.

    Shrub 1-2 m, aromatic. Stems often purplish, tomentose with short eglandular hairs, leafy. Leaves broadly ovate, herbaceous, up to 12 x 7 cm, finely serrate, rounded or cuneate at base, acute-acuminate, pubescent to velvety below and finely gland-dotted. Inflorescence of axillary and terminal sturdy often 1-sided spikes forming a panicle; verticillasters 6-12-flowered, congested. Bracts broad ovate, often purplish, 6-8 mm long, imbricate; bracteoles present. Calyx 4-5 mm with short eglandular hairs and oil globules on tube and longer ciliate hairs on teeth; tube internally pilose at throat; teeth subequal, triangular-lanceolate, c. 1.2 mm. Corolla cream or purplish pink, c.8 mm, lips diverging; tube slender, c. 5 mm long and c. 0.5 mm diameter in central part; upper lip 3-lobed, lower 1-lobed, entire. Stamens clearly exserted beyond corolla lobes; filaments with long purple hairs; thecae very small, ± circular, 1-locular. Nutlets c. 0.9 x 0.6 mm shiny reddish-brown, scarcely trigonous, not truncate.

    Fl. Per.: March-May.

    Type: "Hab. in India", Burmann (? G).

    Distribution: Kashmir, throughout most of India, Nepal.

    In our area apparently restricted to southern parts of Kashmir; usually growing in damp or shady places. The shrubby habit, broad leaves and exserted violet-hairy staminal filaments are characteristic.


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