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Pakistan | Family List | Pakistan V. 202 | Iridaceae | Moraea

1. Moraea sisyrinchium (L.) Ker Gawl. in Ann. Bot. (K├Ânig & Sims). 1: 201. 1805; Goldblatt in Novon 8 (4): 376. 1998.

S. I. Ali & Brian Mathew

Moraea sisyrinchium

Credit: P. Furse

Iris sisyrinchium L., Sp. Pl. 40. 1753; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 120. 1884; Baker, Handb. Irideae: 43. 1892. Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl., Nuovo Gen. e Spec. Monocot 49. 1854; Wendelbo & B. Mathew in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 112. 12. 1975; R.R. Mill in P.H. Davis, Fl. Turk. 8: 412. 1984; B. Mathew, Iris (rev. ed.) 181. 1989. Goldblatt l.c. 254. 1980; Iris maricoides Regel in Acta Horti Petropol. 8: 676. 1884; Gynandriris maricoides (Regel) Nevski in Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS Ser. 1. 4: 217. 1937.

Corm 1-3 cm in diameter, ovoid to globose, outer tunic brown, fibrous, reticulate, elongating into a neck. Aerial stem 5-35 (-60) cm. Leaves 2, with sheathing tubular basal portion enclosing the stem, lamina linear, 10-38 cm long, 5-8 (-10) mm broad. Aerial stem 6-40 (-60) cm tall, with a terminal and 1-2 lateral, 2-4-flowered inflorescences. Bracts scarious, 35-70 mm, inner shorter or equally long. Perianth (perigone) violet blue, white near base of blade of outer segments somewhat spotted; tube absent. Outer segments 2.5-3.5 cm long, claw narrow; inner segments erect, slightly shorter and narrower. Filaments 4-14 mm long, anther 6-10 mm. Pedicel c. 5 mm. Beak of ovary c. 2 cm long; style c. 5 mm long, split into tepaloid 1.5-2.5 cm erect branches; stigma bilobed. Capsule 1.5-4 cm long. Seeds 1.5-3 mm, subellipsoid, somewhat compressed, black-brown.

Fl. Per: March-May.

Lectotype: The illustration of 'Sisyrinchium majus' in Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist. 1: 216. 1601 (Goldblatt in Bot. Not. 133: 255. 1980).

Distribution: Throughout Mediterranean regions from Portugal and N. Africa eastwards through Europe, Libya, Egypt to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Russian Central Asia and Pakistan.


 

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