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Pakistan | Family List | Caryophyllaceae | Silene

16. Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Fl. Nord. Mittel-Deutsch. ed. 9, 64. 1869. Chater & Walters in Tutin et al., Fl: Eur: 1:168. 1964; Coode & Cullen Davis, Fl. Turk. 2: 213.1967; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 252. 1972; G. Bhopal & M.N. Chaudh. Pak. Syst. 1(1):120. 1977.


  • Behen vulgaris Moench
  • Silene inflata Sm.

    Plants up to 68 cm tall, with a branched woody stock. Stems weak, glabrous, greenish-yellow, erect to ascending, scarcely branching. Leaves 25-50 x 15-25 mm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, obovate to spathulate, base attenuate; acute, surface glabrous, margin scabrid. Bracts and .bracteoles lanceolate-linear, often carious. Inflorescence a few-flowered dichasium. Pedicels slender, glabrous. Calyx 14-18 (-20) mm, campanulate, inflated, in fruit bladdery, greenish-yellow; glabrous; teeth broadly triangular, acute; nerves about 20, distinct. Petals white pink, limb 5- 6 mm, deeply bifid; claw 12-13 mm, auriculate. Coronal small or sometimes absent. Carpophore 3-4 mm, glabrous. Capsule c. 10 mm, contracted at the mouth. Seeds c. 1 mm long, reniform, black, with tube arranged in concentric rings.

    Fl. Per.: June-July.

    Type: Described from cultivated plants.

    Distribution: Europe, N.W. Africa, Arabia, temperate Asia.

    Common in the northern areas of Pakistan from 1540-3048 m. A variable species, especially in Europe, but fairly homogeneous in Pakistan. Distinguished by its many nerved, inflated calyx. Sometimes confused with Cucubalus baccifer due L. due to a similar inflated calyx in the flowering stage, but differentiated by its bifid, not multifid petal limb, and usually glabrous leaves and stems.


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