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Pakistan | Family List | Hippocastanaceae | Aesculus

Aesculus indica (Wall.ex Camb.) Hook.f. in Curtis, Bot. Mag. t. 5117. 1859. W.P. Hiern in Hook.f., Fl.Brit.Ind. 1:675.1875; Collett, Fl. Siml. 97. 1902; Kanjilal, For.Fl.Siw.. Jaun.For.Div. 113.1911; Parker, For.Fl. Punj.ed.3.103.1956; Browicz in Rech.f.,Fl. Iran.92.1972.

Vern.: ‘Bankhor’ (Hazara), ‘Ban-akhor’ (Rawalpindi).

Aesculus indica

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Aesculus indica var. concolor Browicz
  • Pavia indica Wall. ex Camb.

    Tree, 20 m or more tall. Petiole 10-15 cm long; petiolule 0.5-2 cm long. Leaflets 5-7(-9), elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, 10-20 cm long, 2.5-7 cm broad, acuminate, the middle one the largest, subserrate, cuneate, glabrous. Panicles 15-30 cm long, puberulous to tomentose. Calyx tube c. 5 mm long, campanulate, puberulous; lobes acute or rounded, 1.5-2 mm long. Petals 4, unequal, white, tinged yellow, 1.3-2.3 cm long, clawed, puberulous on the outside. Disc anterior, lobed. Anthers 2-2.5 mm long, oblong, sparsely pubescent; filaments about the size of the petals or longer, slightly curved, glabrous. Ovary elongated, c. 5 mm long, puberulous; style c. as long as the filaments. Capsule more or less ovoid; 3-4.5 (-5) cm long, smooth. Seeds 2.7-3.5 cm broad, dark brown and shiny.

    Fl. Per.: April-May; Fr. Per.: Oct.-Nov.

    Type locality: The Himalayas.

    Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan and the W. Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal.

    The Himalayan ‘horse chestnut’ is found wild, and is also cultivated as an ornamental tree, from 1200-3300 m. Boissier (FI.Or.l:946) mentions the occurrence of the European tree (Aesculus hippocastanum Linn.) in N. India, but there are no known collections from our area. The bark is astringent and used as a tonic and febrifuge. The leaves are used as fodder. The fruit is officinal and applied in rheumatic pains. The seeds can be eaten.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M.Y. Saleem)
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