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Pakistan | Family List | Ulmaceae | Celtis

3. Celtis tetrandra Roxb.(Hort. Beng. 21.1814, nom. nud.) Fl. Ind. 2, 2:63. 1832. Brandis, For. Fl. of N.W. & C. Ind. 428. 1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5:482. 1888; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. (reprint ed.) 464. 1956; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 190. 1972; Zielinski in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 142: 13.1979.


A large tree with smooth grey bark. Leaves ovate to ovate-oblong, subentire or serrate from above the middle, caudate-acuminate, base unequal, subcoriaceous, under surface yellow to brownish. Flowers small, pale green, tetramerous. Perianth segments glabrous, margin ciliate. Ovary glabrous on a hairy disc. Drupe glabrous, slightly rugose, prominently 4-ridged.

Fl. Per.: March-April.

Type: Described from Nepal, Roxb. l.c. Med. 1999 (K).

Distribution: The Himalaya from Swat eastward to Kumaon-Bhutan, Burma, Indo-China, Malaysia.

Differing from the other two species by having more persistent and subentire leaves, the upper surface dark green and the lower yellowish-green to brownish.


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