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Pakistan | Family List | Ulmaceae

3. Celtis L., Sp. Pl. 1043. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5. 382. 1754; Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2:147. 1967.


Trees or shrubs with smooth grey bark. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, 3-nerved with unequal bases. Stipules narrow linear, caducous. Flowers unisexual, bisexual or polygamous in axillary or lateral clusters on branches of current season. Male flowers: in axillary or lateral cymes, fertile flowers solitary. Perianth 4 or 5, imbricate, deciduous. Stamens 4-5, filaments short, erect, surrounding a hairy disc. Ovary sessile on a hairy disc, style central, 2-fid, plumose. Fruit a small ovoid or globose drupe, endocarp hard and stony, smooth or rugose.

A genus of about 80 species distributed in the northern hemisphere and South Africa. Represented in Pakistan by 3 species.

1 Ovary and young drupes densely pubescent   2 Celtis eriocarpa
+ Ovary and young drupes glabrous, seated on hairy disc   (2)
2 (1) Leaf margin sharply serrate, under surface shining green, not coriaceous   1 Celtis caucasica
+ Leaf margin ± subentire, under surface yellowish-green or brownish, coriaceous   3 Celtis tetrandra

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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