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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Crotalaria

Crotalaria retusa Linn., Sp.Pl. 715. 1753. Baker in Hook.f.,Fl. Brit.Ind.2:75. 1876;Cooke, Fl.Bomb.Pres.(reprint ed.) 1:318.1958; Ali in Biologia 12:29.1996;Polhill in Milne-Redhead & Polhill, Fl.Trop.E.Afr. (Leguminosae 3) 958.1951.

Undershrub, c. 60-120 cm tall, branches glabrous or appressed-pubescent. Leaf simple, c. 3.7-9.0 cm long, c. 10-22 mm broad, oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, retuse or mucronate, glabrous above, silky pubescent below; petiole very short; stipules subulate. Inflorescence an erect, terminal raceme, c. 15-30 cm long. Pedicel c. 4-8 mm long. Bract 2-6 mm long; bracteoles 2, c. 1-2 mm long, half way up the pedicel. Calyx c. 10-14 mm long, glabrous to subglabrous, upper teeth ovate, acute, 3 lower narrower. Corolla c. 2.5-2.6 cm long, yellow with purple tinge. Fruit glabrous, c. 2.5-4.8 cm long, linear-oblong, 15-20-seeded; stipitate.

Syntypes: Ceylon, Herb. Hermann 2:21,84 & 4:51,78 (BM).

Often cultivated, escape near Tandojam; Distribution: India; Burma; China; Malaya; N. Australia; Africa; America, pan-tropical.


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