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Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Epipactis

2. Epipactis veratrifolia Boiss. & Hohen. in Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or., Ser. 1(13): 11. 1854. J. Renz, l.c. 41. Pl. 13, 14, 16, fig.l . 1978.


  • Epipactis consimilis sensu Wallich ex Hook.f.
  • Epipactis somaliensis Rolfe
  • Epipactis wallichii Schlechter
  • Helleborine veratrifolia (Boiss. & Hohen.) Bornm.

    Plants robust, up to 120(-150) cm tall. Stem densely leafy. Leaves ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acute or acuminate, up to 20(-25) cm long, papery. Inflorescence ± second, 10-60 cm long, rachis whitish pubescent; lower bracts leaf-like, the uppermost ± as long as ovary. Flowers pale greenish, ± tinged or veined with brownish-red. Sepals spreading, up to 21 mm long, ovate-lanceolate; petals slightly shorter. Hypochile of labellum near base with 2 small, erect, triangular side-lobes, inside with 2 reddish-brown ridges; epichile ovate-lanceolate, 9-11 mm long, reddish-brown with white tip. Column 10 mm long, with dark green, very shortly stalked anther. Ovary indistinctly pedicelled. Ripe seed-capsule enlarged and distinctly stalked.

    Fl. Per.: May until end of July, in Baluchistan from April.

    Type: Iran, in faucibus Maroh Mahal montis Elbrus prope Derbend, Kotschy 401 (G!).

    Distribution: Anatolia, Cyprus, Syria, Sinai Peninsula, Persia, Afghanistan, Himalaya eastwards to Nepal. Also in Eastern Africa (Somalia).

    On moist places, near springs and rivers, on wet and mossy rocks, up to 2500 m.


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