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Pakistan | Family List | Aizoaceae | Portulaca

Portulaca quadrifida Linn., Mant. 1:73. 1767. DC., Prodr. 3:353. 1828; Boiss., Fl. Or. 1:757. 1867; Thiselton Dyer in Hook. f., l.c.; Cooke, Fl. Bomb. Pres. 1:72. 1908; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1:47. 1935; Kashyap, Lahore Dist. Fl. 42. 1936; Hutch. & Dalz., Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1 (1):136. 1954; Maheshwari, Fl. Delhi, 70. 1963; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 122. 1966.

Vern. Nunya Ka Sag, Chota nunya, Lunki buti.

Portulaca quadrifida

Credit: Azmat

  • Illecebrum verticillatum Burm. f.
  • Meridiana quadrifida Poir.
  • Portulaca anceps A. Rich.
  • Portulaca diptera Zipp. ex Sparo
  • Portulaca quadrifida var. meridiana DC.
  • Portulaca repens Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.
  • Portulaca. geniculata Royle,
  • Portulaca. linifolia Forssk.
  • Portulaca. meridiana Linn. f.

    Diffuse annual, prostrate, glabrous, somewhat fleshy, rooting at nodes. Tap root somewhat woody, nodal adventitious roots fibrous, up to 3 cm long. Stem and branches filiform, internodes 2-20 (-35) mm long. Leaves opposite, sessile to subsessile, ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong or ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3-10 mm long, 2-3 mm broad, acute or somewhat obtuse, fleshy; stipular hairs copious, silvery white, 2-10 mm long. Flowers solitary terminal, yellow, 6-8 mm across, surrounded by a 4-leaved involucre and silvery hairs. Sepals equal, membranous, basally united into a minute tube half embedded in the floral axis, ovate-oblong, 3- 4.5 mm long, 2-2.5 mm broad, obtuse. Petals 4, united at the base, pandurate, 3- 4 mm long, 1.5-2 mm broad, obtuse, yellow. Stamens 8, adnate to petals; filaments filiform, 1.5-2.5 mm long. Carpels 4, syncarpous; ovary c. 2 mm, half sunk in floral axis; style c. 2 mm long, quadrifid, with 4 linear, reclinate stigmas. Capsule 3.5- 4.5 mm long, 2.5-3 mm in diam., oblong-conical. Seeds black, c. 1 mm, reniform, somewhat papillose.

    Fl. Per. Aug.-March.

    Type: Described from Egypt.

    Distribution: Dry waste places. West Pakistan, India, tropical Africa and Asia.

    The leaves are diuretic, used in dysuria and externally applied in erysipelas. Seeds used as a vermifuge.


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