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Pakistan | Family List | Rutaceae | Zanthoxylum

Zanthoxylum armatum DC., Prodr. 1:727. 1824. R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 440.1972.

Vern.: Timbar.

  • Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.

    Small tree or shrub, spiny. Leaves 3(-7)-foliolate, pellucid-punctate; petiole and rachis winged. Leaflets sessile, opposite, 20-75 (-110) x 9-17 (-27) mm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, entire to crenate, acute, base sometimes oblique; midrib sometimes spiny below. Flowers axillary, minute. Calyx 6-8-lobed, lobes acute. Petals absent. Male flowers: Stamens 6-8, filaments c. 2 mm, glabrous; ovary rudimentary. Female flowers: Ovary 1-3-locular, lobed, c. 3 mm in diameter, pale red, splitting into two when ripe. Seed rounded, c. 3 mm in diameter, shining black.

    Fl. Per.: March-April.

    Type: “India Orient”.

    Distribution: Himalays, from Swat to Bhutan, Khasia Hills; Japan, Korea, China.

    A fairly common xerophytic shrub or a small tree, found in the foothills up to 1500 m in N. Pakistan. The twigs are used as tooth brushes and the stems made into walking sticks.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
  • Illustration

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