Erysinum orientale (L.) Ledeb
Annual or biennial up to 60 cm tall often branched from below erect, glabrous subglaucous. Lower leaves variable in size, obovate cuneate at the base, subsessile or sessile ± entire, apex rounded or obtuse; upper leaves oblong to suborbicular, cordate, amplexicaul, entire; all leaves fleshy ± glaucous, glabrous or sometimes apparently slightly papillose. Racemes 10-25-flowered, lax, up to 20 cm long in fruit. Flowers c. 1 cm across, whitish or pinkish; pedicel up to 10 mm (rarely-15 mm) long in fruit, slightly thickened. Sepals 5-7 mm long, 1.5 mm broad, oblong inner pair ± saccate at the base. Petals 8-12 mm long, 3.5-4 mm broad, obovate, narrowed into a claw. Stamens c. 7: 8 mm long; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Siliquae tetragonous, spreading, straight or curved, 60-90 (-120) mm long, 2-2.5 mm broad, with a prominent mid-rib on the valves, shortly, beaked; beak 1-2.5 mm long, thickened with capitate stigma, giving a blunt apex to the fruit; seeds 12-20 in each locule, 2-2.5 mm long, oblong, dark brown, finely papillose; radicle incumbent.
Type: Described from Europe, Herb. Linn. no 844/1 (LINN).
Distribution: S. and C. Europe, N. Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Afgha¬nistan and W. Pakistan.
Sometimes a weed of cultivated fields. Young sprouts are edible and seed contain fatty oil.