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Pakistan | Family List | Caesalpiniaceae | Hardwickia

Hardwickia binata Roxb., Cor. Pl. 3: 6. t. 209. 1819. Cooke, Fl. Bomb. Pres. (reprint. ed.) 1: 456. 1958; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 3. 183. 1956.

Vern.: Anjan.

Hardwickia binata

Credit: Asad

A medium or large deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, bifoliolate; stipules small, caducous; leaflet sessile, entire, 2.5-6.5 cm long, 1.2-3 cms broad, obliquely ovate, obtuse, coriaceous, glabrous with 3-6 arched veins; petioles slender, 1.2-2.5 cm long. Inflorescence long, slender racemes in terminal panicles, bracts minute, caducous. Calyx 5 mm long, sepals distinct, membranous, sometimes dotted, ovate or orbicular petaloid, yellowish-green. Petals absent. Stamens 10, filaments slender, mostly with fertile anthers. Ovary oblong, stigma large, peltate. Pods strap-shaped, narrowed at both the ends, 5-11 cm long, 1.3-2.5 cm wide, dehiscing at the apex, compressed, glabrous, veined. Seed 1, near the tip of the pod.

Fl. Per.: October -January.

Distribution: It is a native of India introduced at Hyderabad, Miani Forest and elsewhere in the plains.

An ornamental tree. The leaves are used in India to feed the cattle. The wood is also reputed to be durable.


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