Matthiola porphyrantha Rech. f., Aell. & Esfand.
Annual, 15-40 cm tall, robust, branched mostly from the base, clothed with short, subappressed, stellate hairs, mixed with sessile and subsessile glands, rarely subglabrous. Leaves ovate or elliptic, petiolate to subsessile, (1-) 2-7 cm long, 0.5-2 cm broad, broadly toothed to subentire, acute or subobtuse, slightly fleshy. Racemes 10-20-flowered, lax, up to 20 cm long in fruit. Flowers 15-20 mm across, whitish, mauve or violaceous; pedicels up to 6 mm long in fruit, thickened, erect or ascending. Sepals 7-9 (-11) mm long. Petals 20-30 mm long, 3-4 (-4.5) mm broad, linear-oblong, clawed, margin crimped. Stamens 5-6: 8-10 mm long; anthers c. 2.5 mm long. Siliquae 50-80 mm long, c. 2.5 mm broad, somewhat flattened, subtorulose, glandular and hairy; stigma bilobed, conical, lobes erect or slightly diverging; septum rigid, sub-membranous, yellowish; seeds many, suborbicular, 2-2.5 mm long, dark brown, very narrowly winged.
Fl. Per.: April-June.
Type: Turkmenia, Trans-Caspian region, Karelin (LE,K).
Distribution: Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turcomania.