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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Vulpia

Vulpia ciliata Dumort., Obs. Gram. Belg. 100. 1824. Link, Hort. Berol. 1:147.1827; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:628.1884; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 2: 214.1959; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 564. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:87.1968; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:88.1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 426.1976; Stace & Cotton in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:156.1980.

  • Festuca ciliata Danth. ex Lam. & DC.

    Annual; culms 3-45cm high, usually erect. Leaf-blades 1-10 cm long, up to 2 mm wide, rough on the margins, minutely hairy above. Inflorescence a sparingly branched, erect or sometimes slightly nodding panicle or raceme, 3-20cm long; pedicels 0.2-2mm long. Spikelets 5-10.5mm long (excluding the awns), breaking up at maturity below each fertile floret; the lower 1-3 florets fertile, the upper 3-7 sterile and usually with longer and wider lemmas with shorter awns. Lower glume 0.1-mm long, less than a quarter the length of the upper; upper glume 1.5-4mm long, acute but often appearing truncate or obtuse because of the deciduous apex; fertile lemma 4-6.5mm long, with an awn usually 1-2 times as long, finely 3-nerved or with 2 extra short nerves, pubescent to ciliate (or glabrous in Europe); anthers 1(-3), 0.4-0.6(-1.6)mm long, included at anthesis.

    Type locality: France.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan); Mediterranean region eastwards through the Caucasus and the Middle East to Southern USSR.


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