Lonicera persica Jaub. & Spach
A large erect shrub, 5 m or more tall with hollow stem. Leaves up to 4-5 cm long, suborbicular to broadly ovate, apex acute or mucronate, with rotundate or truncate base, more or less pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 3–8 mm long. Peduncle 1–3 mm long. Bracts shorter than ovary, glandular-pubescent. Bracteoles free, ovate, small, glandular-pubescent. Calyx lobes about 1.5 mm long, triangular glandular-pubescent. Corolla 2-lipped; tube shorter than lobes, not gibbous, pale pink, suffused with purple. Berries free, white, translucent.
Type: “Crescit in Libano (Lablllardiere, Auch.-El.) nec in Asia Minors (Auch.-El.).
Distribution: Lebanon, anatolia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Turcomania, Pakistan & Central Asia.
R.R. Stewart (l.c.) cites some specimens from Nanga Parbat, Chitral Swat, but I have not seen any. According to Wendelbo (l.c.), this species seems replace L. quinquelocularis in Afghanistan and the two species appear to by where their boundaries meet.
In Flora Iraq (vol. 4, 1:15.1980). Lonicera nummulariifolia is considered as synonym of Lonicera arborea, described originally from W. Europe.