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Pakistan | Family List | Boraginaceae | Arnebia

11. Arnebia hispidissima (Lehm.) A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 10:94. 1846. Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Or. 4:t. 1393. 1848; Boiss; Fl. Or. 4:213.1875; Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:176. 1883; Riedl in Rech. Fl. Iran. 48:155.1967; Bhandari, Fl. Ind. Desert, 231.1978.


  • Anchusa asperrima Delile
  • Anchusa hispidissima Sieber ex Lehm.
  • Arnebia asperrima (Del.) Hutchison & Dalz.
  • Lithospermum hispidissimum Lehman
  • Lithospermum vestitum Wall.

    Annual or perennial branched herb; stem prostrate to decumbent or suberect. Root exuding a purplish dye. Stem (-s), branches and leaves hispid, with small (up to 0.6 mm long) weaker hairs. Basal leaves 15-35 x 3-4 mm (cauline shorter), lanceolate, entire, ± revolute, tapering towards the base. Inflorescence a terminal scorpioid cyme up to 11 (-18) cm long in fruit, bracteate; bracts 4-8 mm long, lanceolate. Flowers heterostyled. Calyx 5-partite, 6-9 mm long, hispid, lobes unequal, linear-lanceolate. Corolla vinous to the outside, tubular; tube in long styled flowers 8 mm long, infundibuliform, 4-5 mm broad; lobes broadly ovate, margin entire to undulate, spreading, throat without hairs. Tube pubescent within just below the anthers (in long styled floweres). Anthers 1.5 mm long. Ovary deeply 4-lobed. Style simple, slender. Long styles reaching throat of corolla, short styles 4-5 mm long. Stigmas 2, flabellate. Nutlets ± 1.7 mm long, ovoid, light brown, minutely tuberculate.

    Fl. Per.: December-April.

    Type: Wadi Gamuth, Sieber s.n. (BM; GH; W).

    Distribution: N. & E. Africa, Arabia, Pakistan.

    Variable in habit. Plants from coastal areas tend to be prostrate as compared to plains from the inland plains (Kazmi, l.c. 492.).


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
  • Illustration

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