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Pakistan | Family List | Boraginaceae | Paracaryum

1. Paracaryum rugulosum (DC.) Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. Nov. 1, 11:129. 1849. Fl. Or. 4:256.1875; Brand, Pflanzenr. iv. 252 (Heft 78):48.1921; Riedl in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 48:99.1967; Kazmi, l.c. 121.


An erect perennial herb 30 cm or more tall. Rootstock often staining purple. Stem solitary or many, branched; branches densely covered with retrorsely appressed hairs; hairs 1.5-2 mm long, with tuberculate bases. Basal leaves 16-30 x 4-15 mm, lanceolate to oblanceolate; cauline leaves smaller and narrower. Pedicels short, in flower up to 4-12 mm in fruit. Calyx lobes 3-4 mm long, oblong, retroresly hairy, up to 7 mm in fruit. Corolla purplish-blue or violet blue, 4-5 mm long; tube cylindrical, campanulate to funnel-shaped, c. 4 mm long; limb with ± patent lobes; style 2.5 mm long. Nutlets 5-7 x 4-5 mm, margin broadly winged; wings rugulose, incurved, irregularly dentate on inner margin. Dorsal middle area smooth or with a few glochidiate appendages or carinate.

Distribution: N. Africa, Arabia, Iran, Pakistan.

Represented by 2 varieties in Pakistan.

1 Stems usually solitary. Nutlets 5-6 mm long. Pedicels 4-6 mm in fruit. Calyx not accrescent in fruit. Corolla cylindrical-campanulate   1 Paracaryum rugulosum var. platycalyx
+ Stems generally many. Nutlets 6-7 mm long. Pedicels 8-12 mm in fruit. Calyx accrescent in fruit. Corolla funnelform   1 Paracaryum rugulosum var. platycalyx

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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