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Pakistan | Family List | Gentianaceae | Ciminalis

4. Ciminalis harwanensis (G.Singh) Omer in Edinb. J. Bot. 50:67. 1993.


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

  • Gentiana amblyophylla H.Smith
  • Gentiana harwanensis G. Singh

    Annual, simple or branched, 3-8 cm high herb. Stem branched from base or from middle, glabrous or pubescent, mostly shining. Basal leaves indistinctly rosulate, 0.3-1.25 x 0.3-1.0 cm, broadly ovate to spathulate, entire, margin very slightly cartilaginous, mucronate, indistinctly 3-nerved, cauline leaves opposite, 0.5-1.0 x 03-0.9 cm, ovate-spathulate, entire, margin hyaline at base, cartilaginous above, mucronate, indistinctly 3-nerved, sheathing at base. Inflorescence capitate. Flowers in dense fascicles, campanulate, 0.5-1.0 cm long, sessile. Calyx 0.5-0.8 cm long, greenish, tube 0.25-0.6 cm long, lobes 0.1-03 x 0.05-0.15 cm, lanceolate, acute, entire, margin cartilaginous, sinuses between lobes obtuse. Corolla 0.6-0.8 (-0.9) cm long, tube more than double the length of the lobes, 0.4-0.6 cm long, lobes 0.1-0.2 (-03) x 0.075-0.125 (-0.15) cm, lanceolate, acute, entire, plicae two third the length of the lobes, acute, subentire-entire, up to 0.1-0.3 cm. Stamens 5, filaments inserted ± in middle of corolla, filiform, anthers basifixed, bilobed. Ovary broadly lanceolate-narrowly ovate, stigma bifid. Nectaries at the base of the ovary. Capsule 0.3-0.6 x 0.2-0.4 cm, subexserted, obovate, many seeded. Seeds small, reddish mown, striated.

    Type: Harwan, Kashmir, alt. 1700 m, Gurcharan Singh 1524 (KASH).

    B-8 Kashmir: Gulmarg, 8500 ft., 8-5-1894, Aitchison 16 (K).

    Allied to Ciminalis aquatica (L.) Zuyev and Ciminalis pnostrata (Haenke) Love & Love but differs from both the taxa on the basis of fasciculate, campanulate flowers, and ovate to spathulate cauline leaves. Also comes very close to Ciminalis riparia (Kar. & Kir.) Zuyev but differs from it in h aving fasciculate inflorescence, although Ciminalis riparia (Kar. & Kir.) Zuyev has very dense solitary flowers in a cl uster.

    Endemic to Sino-Japanese region.


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