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Pakistan | Family List | Gentianaceae | Gentianodes

10. Gentianodes pedicellata (D.Don) Omer, Ali & Qaiser in Pak. J. Bot. 20:14. 1988.


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

  • Ericala pedicellata D. Don
  • Gentiana pedicellata (D. Don) Griseb.
  • Gentiana quadrifaria auct. non Blume: Clarke

    Annual, glabrous, green, 2-7 cm high, branched herb. Stem many, primarily branched from base, secondarily branched from above, secondary branching dichotomous. Basal leaves 0.5-2.25 x 0.15-0.5 cm, lanceolate, entire, acute, connate at base. Cauline leaves 0.5-1.5 x 0.10-0.2 cm, lanceolate, hyaline, entire, acute, connate at base, laxly arranged. Inflorescence usually 1-3 flowered terminal cyme. Flowers enveloped by two upper leaves, campanulate, pedicellate, 0.5-1.75 cm long. Calyx 0.3-0.75 cm long, tube longer than lobes, 0.2-0.6 cm long, lobes 0.1-0.3 x 0.05-0.125 cm, lanceolate, entire, acute, reflexed, sinuses between lobes obtuse. Corolla 0.5-1.75 cm long, tube longer than lobes, 0.4-1.0 cm long, lobes 0.1-0.25 x 0.075-0.15 cm, ovate, entire, acute-acuminate. Stamens 5, filaments filiform, adnate with corolla at or above middle, ± winged, anthers dorsifixed, two lobed. Ovary 0.25-0.6 x 0.1-0.2 cm, lanceolate, sessile-subsessile, style slender, stigma bilobed. Nectaries at base of ovary. Capsule stipitate, 0.3-0.7 x 0.2-0.4 cm, lanceolate. Seeds numerous, ovoid, reticulate, minute.

    Fl. Per: April-August.

    Type: Described from specimens collected in Mussooree, Kunawr. Royle..

    B-7 Hazara: Mansehra, ± 4000 ft., 30.5.1967, E. Nasir et al 4425 (RAW), Swat: Mingora, 3000 ft., 12.4.1954, Shaukat Ali 26109 (BM), B-8 Kashmir: Nakial, + 5000 ft., 22.4.1954, R.R. Stewart 25834 (BM), Kotli, near Nakial, 4-5000 ft., April 1954, R.R. Stewart 27347 (BM, RAW), Poonch, Mandi, 4000 ft., 7.4.1931, R.R. Stewart 12077 (K), Kangan, Barnes s.n.(K), Baltistan: Deosai Plains, 20.8.1966, Siddiqui et al. 4248 (RAW).

    Distribution: Himalaya, S. India, Burma, Sri Lanka.

    A biregional element, which is a member of Sino-Japanese as well as Indian regions.

    In general appearance, it resembles Qaisera carinata (D.Don) Omer. However, Gentianodes pedicellata (D.Don) Omer et al. lacks fmbriae in corolla throat. Similarly the plicae are entire in Gentianodes pedicellata (D.Don) Omer et al. and calycine lobes are reflexed.

    Chater in Hara et al. (l.c.) indicated that Gentianodes pedicellata (D.Don) Omer et al. is very near to Gentianodes decemfida (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Omer et al. But the later species is altogether different in general habit (very lax, one-few branched) and inflorescence (flowers in axillary and terminal fascicles).


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  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
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