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Pakistan | Family List | Gentianaceae | Gentianodes

16. Gentianodes kurroo (Royle) Omer, Ali & Qaiser in Pak. J. Bot. 20: 16. 1988.


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

  • Gentiana kurroo Royle

    Perennial, with thick rhizome, up to 25.0 cm high herb. Stem glabrous, branched from base. Basal leaves rosulate, 3-11 x 0.4-12 cm, oblong-linear, margin entire-crenate, little reflexed, acute, connate at base, univeined. Cauline leaves 0.8-3.5 x 0.1-02 cm, linear, entire, acute, connate at base forming a tube. Inflorescence terminal. Flowers solitary, pedicellate, showy, 2-6 cm long campanulate. Calyx 22-45 cm long, tube 1-2.5 cm long, lobes unequal, 0.8-2.0 x 0.05-0.2 cm, linear, entire, acute, sinuses between lobes obtuse. Corolla 2-6 cm long, blue, tube 1.5-5.0 cm long, lobes 03-1.25 x 0.4-0.9(-1.0) cm, ovate, entire, acute, plicae 0.2-0.4 x 0.085-0.15 cm, ovate, entire-wavy, acute. Stamens 5, filaments slender, adnate at middle of the corolla tube, slightly winged at base, anthers dorsifixed, bibbed, ± sagittate. Ovary 1-2 x 0.2-0.75 cm, lanceolate, shortly stipitate, style not distinct, stigma bibbed, prominent. Nectaries at base of ovary. Capsule stalked, 2-3.5 x 0.45-1.0 cm, lanceolate. Seeds numerous, oval, reticulate.

    Fl. Per.: September-November.

    The type specimen is not traceable at LIV (personnel communication).

    B-7 Hazara: Kaghan, Oct. 1926, Petts s.n. (RAW), id., 1896, Inayat 19958 (CAL), Balakot, 8.11.1954, Coll. Ignot. s.n. (KUH), Bunn, Karor-Murree road, ± 6000 ft., Y. Nasir & Z. Ali 7867 (RAW), Abbottabad hill tops, 4500 ft., 3.11.1951, S.M.H. Jafri s.n. (KUH), Changa Gali, 8000 ft., 2.10.1936, Nath s.n. (RAW), Kawai, 1550 m, 18.11.1953, Schmid, 748 (BM), Murree, Oct. 1913, Mrs. Evershed s.n. (BM), id., 7000 ft., ibid. s.n. (BM), id., Oct. 1875, Clarke 27225 D (BM), id., 6500 ft., R. R. Stewart 12920 (K, RAW), id., 7000 ft., 11.10.1875, Gamble 27225 B & E (K), id., 5-6000 ped., Edgeworth 1844 (K), Khanspur, Murree hills, Oct. 1926, Lester-Garland s.n. (K), Ghora Gall, Oct. 1931,ibid. s.n. (K), Dunga Gali, Sept. 1932, 8-9000 ft., Venning K 111 A (K), Nathia-Dunga Road, 20.9.1915, Miss Saunders s.n. (K), Panj Gali, (BM), B-8 Kashmir: Kotli, 1960, McVean s.n. (E), Dino to Travabing, Young s.n. (BM), Poonch, 6-7000 ft., Nov. 1954, Asnain Inth s.n. (BM), Pahlgam, 7200 ft., 28.8.1925, R.R. Stewart 8350 (K), Badrawan, 8500 ft., 22.9.1875, Clarke 31463 A (K), near Islamabad (Kashmir), 9.3.1914, Fuller 869 (K), near Rawalakot on way to Bagh, 18.9.1987, T. Ali et al. 325 (KUH), Hayan to Shalabagh, Young s.n. (BM), id., 11.9.1880, ibid. s.n. (BM), Aushinokan to Dent, Sept. 1880, ibid. s.n. (BM), Upper Bringhi valley, 7000 ft., 2.9.1940, Ludlow & Sheriff 8041 (BM), Bringhi River, 6000 ft., 27.8.1943, Ludlow & Sherriff 9381 (BM), Pohlgom, 7250 ft., 6.9.1876 Clarke 31147 A (K), Cash-mere, Sept. 1920, Barbour s.n. (BM), C-6 Kurram Valley: Shalozan village, 9.8.1880, Aitchison 401 (K), Waziristan: Pre Ghal, Sulaiman Mountains, 1927, Hays s.n. (BM), C-7 Rawalpindi: Khotti, ± 4500 ft., 16.10.1976, Shahzad et al. 586 (BM).

    Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir and India (Simla, Jaunsar, Chamba and Garhwal).

    A Sino-Japanese species, restricted to Pakistan, Kashmir and parts of Indian Himalayas.

    A late flowering species with large and showy flowers, common in the sub alpine regions in the months of September-November.

    A perennial species gr owing on slopes with dry and pasture grass lands under Pines and Junipers, in between the elevations of 1500-7500 ft.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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