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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Boraginaceae

1. Cordia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 190. 1753.

破布木属 po bu mu shu

Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, usually evidently petiolate, margin entire or serrate, rarely lobed. Cymes mostly corymbose, ebracteate. Flowers bisexual, frequently heterostylous or ± functionally unisexual. Calyx tubular or campanulate, enlarged after anthesis, persistent. Corolla white, yellow, or orange-red, campanulate to funnelform, usually (4- or) 5(-8)-lobed; lobes antrorse or recurved. Stamens usually well developed; filaments often pubescent at base. Ovary 4-loculed, glabrous; ovule 1 per locule. Style twice 2-cleft, each branch with a spatulate or capitate stigma. Drupes ovoid, globose, or ellipsoid, frequently with watery or sticky fleshy mesocarp and bony endocarp, rarely with corky mesocarp or nutlike without fleshy mesocarp. Seeds 1-4, without endosperm; cotyledons plicate.

About 325 species: mostly in tropics of North and South America, poorly represented in Africa and Asia; five species in China.


1 Corolla orange, more than 3 cm; mesocarp corky, fruit enclosed by accrescent tubular calyx   1 Cordia subcordata
+ Corolla white or pale yellow, less than 2 cm; mesocarp mucilaginous to watery, sticky, fleshy, fruit subtended but not enclosed by persistent cupular calyx.   (2)
       
2 (1) Calyx with prominent longitudinal veins   2 Cordia kanehirai
+ Calyx without longitudinal veins.   (3)
       
3 (2) Leaf blade densely pubescent abaxially; cymes terminal, extra-axillary   3 Cordia furcans
+ Leaf blade glabrous abaxially or only veins and vein axils pubescent; inflorescences at apices of leafy lateral branches.   (4)
       
4 (3) Leaf blade oblong to ovate; calyx lobes irregularly angular; inflorescences crowded in glomerules   4 Cordia cochinchinensis
+ Leaf blade ovate to elliptic; margin of calyx somewhat undulate; inflorescences widely spaced, in flat-topped cymes   5 Cordia dichotoma

Lower Taxa


 

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